Brown spots on legs: causes, features and treatment methods

What is it and what causes it?

To prevent red spots on the calves, under the knees, and in the shin area from appearing again, it is necessary to strengthen the walls of the blood vessels. It is their increased fragility and permeability that leads to bruising. To strengthen it, you need to take venotonics (Troxevasin, Detralex), follow a diet, and maintain normal physical activity.

To reduce the likelihood of dark spots appearing on your legs, you must follow these recommendations:

  • refuse to take a hot bath, but a contrast shower, on the contrary, is useful;
  • reduce time spent in the sun;
  • do not visit baths and steam rooms;
  • avoid injury;
  • do not lift heavy objects;
  • give up sports involving static loads on the legs, for example, weightlifting, tennis;
  • wear compression stockings, do not wear things that squeeze your legs, hips, or waist;
  • lead an active lifestyle, swimming is especially beneficial;
  • choose comfortable shoes without heels;
  • monitor your weight; excess body weight is an additional burden on the venous system.

After a hard day of work, if you feel tired in your legs, you need to lie down for 30 minutes, but keep your limbs elevated. This promotes blood flow and reduces the likelihood of congestion.

Spots on the legs most often indicate problems with blood vessels. You cannot get rid of stains on your own, since such therapy is ineffective. The patient will eliminate the consequences, but not the cause - the underlying disease that caused the pigmentation. At this time, the disease will progress, and even more severe complications are possible. Therefore, if spots appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.

When is a spot on an arm or knee just a freckle or birthmark, and when is it a symptom of a disease? Why does the skin become covered with such unpleasant spots and how to get rid of this pathology? Excessive pigmentation on the legs is the result of the accumulation of melanin pigment in the upper layers of the dermis. Relatively harmless reasons for the appearance of areas of hyperpigmentation are excessive exposure to the sun and solarium, allergies to creams or other cosmetics.

Sometimes such spots develop after an insect bite or as a result of local damage to the capillaries - a kind of bruises. They are round in shape. In these cases, the size of the pigmentation area is small and does not require treatment.

There are a number of diseases, one of the symptoms of which is hyperpigmentation of the extremities. Some pathologies are characterized by localization in certain parts of the body - lower legs, nails, fingers, groin.

Causes of pigmentation on the legs:

  1. Violation of the trophism of skin vessels - the presumed diagnosis may be varicose veins, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis.
  2. Neurofibramatosis - multiple pigment spots on the skin of a milky brown color. This is a hereditary disease.
  3. Pigment spots that appear on the legs are one of the symptoms of chronic dermatitis. The disease is recurrent. May be caused by external factors: wearing tight shoes or tights, allergies to clothing fabric, cream. The congestive form of dermatitis is characteristic of varicose veins of the deep veins of the extremities. In this case, they may itch, peel, become rough, be rough and convex to the touch.
  4. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - dark skin color is a sign of hepatitis of any origin, fibrosis or cirrhotic changes in the liver.
  5. Carcinomas of various organs, including skin. Dangerous spots are those that have a high expansion rate and are located on the sole. This area is difficult to explore on your own. Such areas of the dermis are dry and compactions appear on them.

The nail plates cover the sensitive, capillary-rich areas of the fingers. The appearance of brown spots is most often associated with wearing tight shoes.

If skin pigmentation appears on the legs and nails, its causes may be the following:

  • bruising;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys;
  • lack of B vitamins;
  • melanoma;
  • If a brown, red-brown or black spot appears in the area of ​​the thumb or little finger nail, then the development of psoriasis can be suspected. This pathology is characterized by the appearance of flaky pink or red spots over the joints of the ankles and crusts.

There are few diseases that cause hyperpigmentation of the skin of the extremities and are related to the patient’s gender.

Treatment with traditional methods

Removal of stains can occur either through medication or through traditional methods. Together, these 2 methods work better. Let's look at some effective, folk recipes that are actively used by people to destroy pigmentation.

You can whiten pigmentation with fresh cucumber. To do this, grate the vegetable on a coarse grater and apply the resulting pulp to the damaged areas of the body.

Yeast is no less effective in removing pigmentation on the legs. Take 40 grams of yeast and mix it with the same amount of lemon juice.

Apply this substance to age spots for twenty minutes, then rinse the mixture with warm water and let the skin dry naturally. Moisturize the skin layers with baby cream.

Take cottage cheese (100 grams), add ammonia and hydrogen peroxide (20 drops each). Mix the mixture thoroughly and apply the mask to problem areas in the legs. After twenty minutes, rinse off the mask with warm water. After just 10-15 applications, pigment spots will be less visible.

Fresh parsley is the main assistant in the fight against pigmentation. Its use is allowed both in pure, chopped form and with the addition of milk, lemon or honey (in equal proportions).

These medicinal mixtures are applied for thirty minutes, then washed off with cool water, problem areas are lubricated with a moisturizer.

An ordinary lemon will save you from brown spots. Mix lemon juice (100 grams) with purified water (200 ml). Apply the prepared lotion to lubricate pigment formations daily.

Lemon juice can be added to any rich cream. Apply the mixture to your feet before going to bed for 15 minutes. Then use a cotton swab dipped in pasteurized milk to remove the lemon remedy.

For pigmentation of the skin of the legs, use currants, wild strawberries or strawberries. The presented berries have an amazing whitening feature. Mash the sweet berries using a regular fork. Apply the resulting mixture to problem areas of the body. The result will appear.

If pigment spots on the legs formed as a result of pregnancy and did not disappear after childbirth, then combine milk (60 ml) with vodka (20 ml). Wipe the damaged areas of your legs with the resulting solution every day.

Reasons for male and female character

The female half of the population may experience pigmentation of the lower extremities due to hormonal disorders. But this problem usually goes away on its own when the changed background is restored again. A more serious disease is chloasma. This pathological process is also associated with hormones and disruptions in the endocrine system.

In men, the appearance of dark spots on the lower extremities is caused by a disease such as Becker melanosis. The lesions are characterized by irregular shape and uneven edges, and increased hair growth is observed near such an area. In addition, men are susceptible to a disease such as Schamberg's disease. In this case, red heels first appear on the lower extremities, which subsequently turn into dark brown bruises.

Diseases of the nail plates

The brown color of the plates is associated with onychomycosis. The disease is characterized by severe fungal infection.

A spot on the nail of the big toe of the lower limb may appear due to suppuration under the nail. This happens when the plate bends and grows into the skin.

This condition is typical for improper care, tight shoes or non-compliance with the rules of cutting nails. Pus occurs when an infection penetrates into the site of inflammation.

Uncomfortable shoes

In this case, the spot is formed by prolonged compression of individual parts of the limb. If left untreated, hemorrhage disappears after 2-3 weeks if you change your shoes.

If you wear uncomfortable shoes for a long time, you can get athlete's foot. Increased sweating on the feet increases the risk of fungus: heat accelerates the growth and reproduction of bacteria.

Types and descriptions of spots on the legs

The spots can appear on the lower legs, ankles and even feet. Their localization depends on where the vascular problems arose. At first, small reddish spots do not show themselves, but over time, alarming symptoms appear. The spots become painful, itch, and their structure may change. Dense pigmented areas are dangerous.

Inflammation or thrombosis of large vessels leads to the appearance of large red spots on the legs. If small arteries are affected, small spots, dots, or bruises may occur.

During diagnosis, it is important to consider not only the size, but also the shade of the spots on the legs. They are:

  • blue, purple - are often mistaken for a hematoma;
  • red, bloody - look like a bruise, can be bright or dark;
  • black ones are the most harmless, in most cases they are cosmetic defects or benign formations, but some can transform into malignant ones.

They are often round in shape, with clear contours.

Types according to origin:

  1. Vascular spots on the legs. They are violet, burgundy, lilac, and are often painful to the touch. The appearance of vascular spots on the legs is always caused by poor circulation.
  2. Hemorrhagic spots on the legs. This is a consequence of vascular damage. More often they are dark red, blue or purple. The cause of stagnant spots on the legs is a blow or other mechanical impact on the skin. Essentially it's a bruise.


Bruising can be distinguished by:

  1. Appearance: They look like dark brown, reddish or black dots.
  2. Smooth, no swelling.
  3. They hurt when pressed.

Manifestations of bedsores on the heels:

  • Numbness and slight tingling at the site of occurrence.
  • Complete or partial loss of skin sensitivity.
  • The appearance of a small light spot.

The resulting wart looks like a small (1-2 mm) protruding element. Its shape is round and the surface is smooth, but after a certain time it changes to rough. The compaction can either remain the same size or grow, reaching 2 cm in diameter. The skin in the affected area changes color from pinkish or light brown in the early stages to yellow-gray in the later stages.

If you examine, open or remove the surface layer of the formation, you can see dark dots - this is a consequence of injury to the capillaries.

Pigmentation on the legs in men - causes and treatment Pigmentation on the legs in men - causes and treatment

Varicose veins are a pathological change in the condition of the vascular system of the veins of the lower extremities. With obesity and lack of proper treatment, areas of hyperpigmentation appear in the ankle area.

In the initial stages of the disease, the spots are red or pink. In severe forms of vascular pathology, the color range changes from light brown to black.

The cause of hyperpigmentation in varicose veins is weakness of the vascular wall, small but constant hemorrhages into nearby tissues. In addition to the appearance of spots, swelling of the legs develops in the ankle joints, there is pain, burning when walking, in the feet.


The richer the color and larger the size of the spots on the legs, the worse it is. Severe complications are likely:

  • thrombosis;
  • rupture of the vessel and extensive bleeding;
  • thrombus rupture, pulmonary embolism.

Cyanosis of the extremities indicates poor circulation. This condition is very dangerous as it can lead to tissue necrosis and gangrene.

In general, poor circulation due to vascular diseases leads to rapid fatigue, pain in the legs, and a feeling of heaviness. Because of this, productivity decreases.

Reasons for appearance

Rash on the foot

The formation of spots on the epidermis of the legs can be due to a wide range of reasons. The most common among them are allergens, which, when in contact with the skin, cause irritation and itching on the foot and heel (as in the photo on the right). Synthetic materials that make up clothing, shoes, food and others can act as allergens.

The presence of systemic diseases or the penetration of infection into the body are more serious reasons that can cause spots on the legs. In this case, a mandatory visit to the clinic is often required to establish a diagnosis. Although the appearance of the formations may well tell about the nature of the pathologies activated in the body.

If a red spot appears on your calf or foot, you should contact a phlebologist. This is a doctor who treats vascular pathologies. For hemangioma or vein thrombosis, the help of a surgeon may be required.


First, the doctor will conduct a visual examination of the spots on the legs, study the medical history, in particular, he will be interested in problems with blood vessels in the past. To confirm the preliminary diagnosis, instrumental diagnostics will be required. The most popular methods:

  • angiography or radiography of blood vessels - it can be used to identify blood clots, plaques, areas of narrowing of the lumen of the veins and disturbances in the speed of blood flow;
  • duplex scanning – allows you to evaluate the anatomy of the vascular bed and the dynamics of blood circulation;
  • Dopplerography is a non-invasive ultrasound examination technique that allows you to identify problem areas and assess the condition of the walls of blood vessels.

An MRI may also be ordered. This is the most informative, but expensive method for diagnosing spots on the legs.

Diagnostic measures

Only a dermatologist can determine the causes of the problem. To clarify the suspicion of HPV, the doctor will scrape the dermis.

For diagnosis, a visual examination is carried out by a specialist. To confirm HPV, an analysis of certain DNA fragments in biological material is prescribed. You will also need to undergo an ultrasound examination to determine the depth of the root.

To diagnose a hemorrhage or developing pressure ulcer, an examination and an oral conversation with the patient are sufficient.

Why do spots appear on my legs?

Brown spots appear on the legs for many reasons. Non-hazardous factors include: consequences of hair removal, contact with synthetics, rubbing of shoes or the use of inappropriate cream products. The appearance of spots in these situations is innocent and does not pose a threat to human health.

The appearance of spots can be caused by disorders of the body or various diseases:

  1. For trophic disorders. The disease involves a disorder of the blood vessels, for example, in diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis.
  2. They may indicate the presence of a disease such as neurofibromatosis. It develops at the genetic level.
  3. Pigment spots can occur with dermatitis. This is a chronic disease that is prone to frequent relapses. Stasis dermatitis occurs with varicose veins or excess weight parameters. With this diagnosis, pain appears in the lower extremities of the legs. For general information: stasis dermatitis is manifested by extensive brown pigmentation and swelling of the legs, and regular itching. Skin lesions begin at the ankle and gradually spread to the entire leg. The skin layers in these areas turn brown and become hard to the touch.
  4. For diseases of the stomach or intestines.
  5. For oncology.

What are the causes of age spots on legs?

Representatives of the fair sex very often use procedures such as depilation or other things, so they know first-hand about pigmentation. Not many people know why spots appear on the legs and how to deal with them, but of course such a problem cannot be ignored.

Brown spots on the surface of the legs may be vascular or pigmented. The reason why a pigmented neoplasm can form is a decrease in the concentration of the pigment substance in the body. In this case, spots form on the legs, which can have different colors. If a dark spot on the surface of the legs causes discomfort, begins to itch or hurt, you should consult a dermatologist as soon as possible.

To remove old pigmentation, the following recipe can be used: it is recommended to apply a compress of hydrogen peroxide mixed with a small amount of water and badyagi powder to the surface of the skin. The mixture is applied to the skin for 10-15 minutes, after which it is thoroughly washed with cool water.

If spots on the legs have formed as a result of exposure to sunlight, then in the future it is recommended to give preference to the use of sunscreens with a high level of SPF. In order to eliminate cosmetic imperfections on the leg, creams and lotions that have a whitening effect on the skin can be used.


To prevent the appearance of freckles on your legs, you need to protect your skin from exposure to ultraviolet radiation. In sunny weather, it is better to wear light-colored trousers or long skirts. If you want to wear short clothes, you must use creams with ultraviolet protection.

In addition, it is necessary to include in your diet foods containing ascorbic and nicotinic acid. Vitamin C is found in most fresh fruits, berries and vegetables. Citrus fruits, kiwi, currants, and sauerkraut are especially useful. Vitamin PP can be obtained by including buckwheat, lean beef, liver, and chicken in your diet.

How to get rid of it?

But what to do if freckles have already appeared on your legs? There are two ways to get rid of pigmentation:

  • go to a beauty salon;
  • use home methods.

The methods used in modern cosmetology are quite effective; they help remove pigmentation as quickly as possible. Home methods require patience and regular use, but they are cheap and accessible to everyone.

Do you like your freckles?

Oh yeah! Of course! No, nightmare!

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